matura z języka angielskiego 2010
Zadanie 9. (3 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych możliwości odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, tak aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 0,5 punktu.
For years every English school child and every visiting tourist has been told about the ravens at the Tower of London. According to a centuries-old 9.1. _____, the monarchy will fall if the birds 9.2. _____. It is said that King Charles II wanted to shoo off a bunch of noisy ravens but was warned that it might bring ill luck. Since then, as the story 9.3. _____, at least six ravens have been kept in residence.
In 2004 an official Tower historian revealed that the first record of ravens 9.4. _____ at the Tower dates back only to 1895. It turned out that the Victorians 9.5. _____ the whole story. The birds might have been kept as pets by the staff who were fans of the hugely popular poem, The Raven, by Edgar Allan Poe.
The ravens apparently know nothing about it and are still treated like royalty by their ‘raven master’. No wonder they still strut about the place 9.6. ____ they owned it.
adapted from London by Sarah Johnstone & Tom Masters
9.1. A. proverb B. gossip C. superstition D. history
9.2. A. were ever to be left B. should ever leave C. would never leave D. have never left
9.3. A. goes B. continues C. speaks D. makes
9.4. A. keeping B. having kept C. to be keeping D. being kept
9.5. A. took down B. came across C. made up D. spelled out
9.6. A. so that B. which C. however D. as though
Zadanie 8. (4 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst, z którego usunięto cztery zdania. Dobierz brakujące zdania (A – F), tak aby otrzymać spójny i logiczny tekst. W każdą lukę (8.1. – 8.4.) wpisz literę, którą oznaczone jest brakujące zdanie. Dwa zdania podane zostały dodatkowo i nie pasują do tekstu. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Henry Ford’s motto when he established his Motor Company at the beginning of the 20th century was to ‘build a car for the great multitude’. 8.1. __________ One invention that made it possible was a conveyor belt. Its introduction into the manufacturing process helped reduce the assembly time of a car from over 12 to less than 2 worker-hours. 8.2. __________ Consequently, his Model T got cheaper and cheaper. From the original price of $825, it went down to $290 in 1924, a sum that did not exceed the average family budget.
8.3. __________ He did not actively seek to upgrade the comfort and appearance of his Model T. Its design changed very little over the 19 years during which it was produced. In the meantime competitors spared no efforts to beautify and modernize their vehicles. In 1927, having sold more than 15 million cars and having revolutionized the market, the Model T was discontinued.
If the Model T was not exactly a lady’s car, the Cadillac could well be. Designed and made by General Motors, the Cadillac was addressed to a different clientele: those who could and wanted to pay much more for an elegant product that could satisfy even the most demanding and sophisticated tastes. The designers were free to do as they pleased. 8.4. __________ They were also in a variety of colors, from flamboyant hues of pink to highly elegant shades of white and black. Additionally, the leather furbishing of the interior made the car one of the most luxurious in the world.
from Zoom in on America, November 2008
A. However, this forward looking and ingenious businessman did not foresee one thing.
B. As a result of the protest he raised the wages of his employees and reduced the length of the workday.
C. The company is cutting expenses so it can compete better against lower-cost rivals from overseas.
D. Long hoods, trunks with tailfins, wraparound windshields, chrome grilles and bumpers were the embodiment of wealth.
E. Ford also discovered that producing spare parts and shipping them to market areas where they were put together helped lower production costs.
F. He went about achieving this goal by producing and selling cars cheaply at a time when they were affordable only for the very rich.
W lukę 8.1 należy wpisać zdanie:
W lukę 8.2 należy wpisać zdanie:
W lukę 8.3 należy wpisać zdanie:
W lukę 8.4 należy wpisać zdanie:
ROZUMIENIE PISANEGO TEKSTU I ROZPOZNAWANIE STRUKTUR LEKSYKALNO-GRAMATYCZNYCH
Zadanie 7. (5 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych możliwości odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
The most important day I remember in all my life is the one just before my seventh birthday, when my teacher arrived. I am filled with wonder when I consider the immeasurable contrasts between the two lives which that day connects. On the afternoon of that eventful day, I stood on the porch, dumb, expectant, only guessing that something unusual was about to happen. I did not know what the future held for me, but I was certainly eager to find out. Suddenly I felt approaching footsteps so I stretched out my hand as I supposed to my mother. Instead someone else took it. I was caught up and held close in the arms of a stranger and I guessed it was Miss Sullivan.
The morning after my teacher came she led me into her room and gave me a new doll. When I had played with it a little while, Miss Sullivan slowly took my hand and with her fingers spelled into it the word ‘d-o-l-l’. I was at once interested in this finger play and tried to imitate it. I did not know that I was spelling a word or even that words existed; I was simply making my fingers move in monkey-like imitation. In the days that followed I learned to spell in this uncomprehending way a great many words, among them pin, hat, cup and a few verbs like sit, stand and walk. But my teacher had been with me several days before I understood that everything has a name.
One day while I was playing with my new doll, Miss Sullivan also gave me my old rag doll. She spelled ‘d-o-l-l’ and tried to make me understand that ‘d-o-l-l’ applied to both. Then we had a tussle over the words ‘m-u-g’ and ‘w-a-t-e-r’. Miss Sullivan tried to impress it upon me that ‘m-u-g’ is mug and that ‘w-a-t-e-r’ is water, but I persisted in confusing the two. In despair she dropped the subject for the time, only to renew it at the first opportunity.
I became impatient and, seizing the new doll, I dashed it upon the floor. I was keenly delighted when I felt the fragments of the broken doll at my feet. I had not loved the doll. In the completely silent and dark world in which I lived there was no place for strong sentiment or tenderness.
Later that day when we were walking along the street, Miss Sullivan saw someone drawing water from the water pump. We walked up and she placed my hand in the cool stream. As it gushed over one hand, she spelled into the other the word ‘w-a-t-e-r’. I stood still, my whole attention fixed upon the motions of her fingers. Suddenly I felt a misty consciousness as of something forgotten – a thrill of returning thought; and somehow the mystery of language was revealed to me. I knew then that ‘w-a-t-e-r’ meant the wonderful cool something that was flowing over my hand. That living word awakened my soul, gave it light, hope, and joy, set it free! There were barriers still, it is true, but barriers that could in time be swept away.
I walked away from the pump eager to learn. Everything had a name, and each name gave birth to a new thought. As we returned to the house every object which I touched seemed to quiver with life. That was because I saw everything with the strange new sight that had finally come to me and had the potential to compensate partially for my disability.
adapted from www.digital.library.upenn.edu/women/keller/life/life.html
7.1. The girl’s feelings on the day when her teacher arrived were those of
7.2. During the first few days, the girl was
A. unaware she was learning names of things.
B. learning less than her teacher had expected.
C. proud she could name so many things.
D. learning to write down many new words.
7.3. The girl destroyed the new doll because
A. she preferred her old doll.
B. spelling its name was too confusing.
C. her teacher acted impatiently.
D. she got frustrated during the lesson.
7.4. The event at the water pump was significant for the girl because she
A. learnt a lot of new words there.
B. remembered what water looked like.
C. realised how words function.
D. felt there were no more barriers for her.
7.5. The girl who is the main character in the story
A. did not consider her teacher to be qualified enough.
B. could neither see nor hear the surrounding world.
C. failed to understand the need to learn vocabulary.
D. was miraculously cured of a physical handicap.
Zadanie 6. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad z lekarzem. Z podanych możliwości odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Interviewer: Ladies and gentlemen, I would like to introduce Dr. Benjamin Carson, a talented neurosurgeon. Our guest is here to share with you the story of his success. Dr. Carson, you say you never really considered anything other than medicine. So when did you first think of becoming a doctor?
Benjamin Carson: I remember one day I was sitting with my mum in the hallway at Detroit City Hospital and we were waiting to collect my blood test results. Suddenly we heard an announcement “Dr. Jones, Dr. Jones to the emergency room,” and my mum said, “Maybe one day they’ll say ‘Dr. Carson’.” It sounded so unrealistic but at the same time so fabulous and I thought, “Why not?”
Interviewer: Why do you say it sounded unrealistic?
Benjamin Carson: We lived in a poor inner city, single parent home. In primary school I was perhaps the worst student ever. All my classmates and teachers agreed, and my nickname was ‘Dummy’. My mother was terrified. She knew what a difficult life she had, with only a third grade education, trying to raise two sons with no resources. She saw me and my brother heading down the same path and she just didn’t know what to do. And then, one day she came up with this idea of putting us on the reading programme at the public library. We had to show her the books we brought from the library every week, read them and submit written book reports to her. She couldn’t read, but we didn’t know that, because she’d put a check mark on them and act as if she was reading them.
Interviewer: Was your mother’s idea successful?
Benjamin Carson: I hated it for the first several weeks because we had to stay in the house and read these books while our friends were playing outside. But then all of a sudden, I started to enjoy it. We had no money, but between the covers of those books, I could go anyplace, be anybody and do anything. And within a matter of a year and a half, I went from the bottom of the class to the top of the class, much to the consternation of the teachers and all those students who used to tease me and call me names. Today I can say that was the real beginning of my career and I’m grateful to my mum that she managed to make me who I am.
Interviewer: People often speak of brain surgery as the most challenging field of medicine. When did you first have the notion that you actually wanted to do this?
Benjamin Carson: When I was in secondary school, I wanted to be a missionary doctor. Then, when I got into medical school I initially opted for psychiatry. But gradually I began to realise that it didn’t seem to offer enough variety. And then I said to myself, “Well, in which area can you become an authority very quickly?” and I thought, “The brain, because nobody knows much about it.” So, it was toward the end of my first year that I decided that neurosurgery was the ideal field for me. And now I know I was right.
Interviewer: Thank you for coming to the studio.
6.1. Dr. Carson first thought of becoming a doctor when
A. his mother suggested it.
B. his name was called by Dr. Jones.
C. he was taken to the emergency room.
D. his mother was being examined in hospital.
6.2. When Dr. Carson was in primary school, he
A. was a worse student than his brother.
B. didn’t live with his father.
C. had a nickname he was proud of.
D. didn’t like his classmates.
6.3. Dr. Carson’s mother
A. checked her sons’ school essays.
B. pretended that she could read.
C. asked her sons to read aloud to her.
D. took her sons to the library regularly.
6.4. As a result of the reading programme, he
A. learnt more about being a doctor.
B. realised he didn’t want to be poor.
C. became the best student in his class.
D. won the admiration of his playmates.
6.5. Brain surgery is the field of medicine Dr. Carson
A. decided to study as a missionary doctor.
B. chose when he was a secondary school student.
C. found less challenging than he had expected.
D. became interested in during his medical studies.
Zadanie 5. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wypowiedź o pewnym zdarzeniu. Na podstawie usłyszanych informacji zdecyduj, które zdania są zgodne z treścią tekstu (T), a które nie (F). Zaznacz znakiem X odpowiednią rubrykę w tabeli. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Most stories you hear on the radio or TV can really get you down. I mean, all they tell us about are terrorist attacks, murder, corruption or disease. But our station is different. Yesterday I was hosting a phone-in programme about language use and I heard a very amusing story.
It was about a policeman watching the traffic on a highway. He saw a brown delivery truck go by below the minimum speed limit. The truck belonged to UPS, you know, the company that delivers parcels. And the policeman felt that there was something odd about the truck, but he didn’t know exactly what it was. So he followed it and then suddenly he remembered. On the side of their trucks, UPS paints the slogan, “Synchronizing the world’s commerce.” Not brilliant, and certainly not catchy, but the policeman noticed that the word ‘synchronizing’ was spelled with an ‘i’ instead of a ‘y’.
That made him look at the truck with fresh eyes. He noticed that the license plate had a valid UPS-truck number, but it seemed kind of home made. So he decided to take action. And guess what happened when he was trying to pull the truck over! The driver left the car and ran away. That made the policeman really suspicious. No UPS truck driver would abandon a truck just for being pulled over! In the end it turned out that the truck was fake, and
instead of parcels, it was filled with almost a ton of drugs. The driver hasn’t been found yet.
What makes the story so wonderful is that the policeman noticed the incorrect spelling of ‘synchronizing’ first. If you were producing a fake truck, shouldn’t you check your spelling as well? That’s an important lesson for everybody. Maybe all those people who say you don’t need to learn grammar or spelling because the computer will do it for you, are not right after all.
adapted from http://quinncreative.wordpress.com/2008/12/10/spelling-champ-and-word-hero
5.1. The speaker believes her story may have a depressing effect.
5.2. The policeman followed the truck because it was speeding.
5.3. The speaker does not consider the UPS slogan attractive.
5.4. The number on the license plate of the truck was correct.
5.5. In the story, a spelling mistake helps to arrest a criminal.
Zadanie 4. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie pięć komunikatów radiowych. Przyporządkuj do każdego komunikatu (4.1. – 4.5.) właściwy nagłówek (A – F). Wpisz odpowiednie litery do tabeli. Jeden nagłówek został podany dodatkowo i nie pasuje do żadnego komunikatu. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Those departing from Nottingham Airport today were caught up in long delays. At 11.45 this morning, a suspicious object was spotted in hand luggage by a guard. Armed police were immediately called and flights leaving the airport were stopped for three hours. An airport spokesman apologised for the delays but said people’s safety was the priority.
Thousands of passengers have been affected after Miles Travel, one of the UK’s largest travel agencies, went bust. All charter flights carrying Miles Travel passengers have been cancelled. Holidaymakers in as many as 50 destinations across Europe, America and Africa have been stranded today after the tour operator declared bankruptcy in the early hours of the morning.
A lorry has overturned on the M5 in Somerset just after coming out of a tunnel. The incident caused major traffic queues in the area. Firefighters were on the scene with specialist cleaning equipment to clear about 100 litres of diesel which leaked from the lorry. The junction was closed and diversions were put in place.
Travel on the Eurotunnel was not possible last night as the emergency services practised their response to a serious incident. About 200 staff, firefighters, ambulance workers and police officers from both sides of the Channel joined forces in the evacuation exercise. It was based on a simulated fire on a train and involved a large number of casualties.
As the spokesman for American Frontier announced, the company is going through turbulent times and must take urgent steps to avoid going out of business altogether. The news comes after three other domestic airlines went into liquidation earlier this month. Frontier maintains that it will continue to operate a full schedule of flights throughout the re-organisation process.
adapted from http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/england/nottinghamshire/3664698.stm
A. SECURITY ALERT AFFECTS PASSENGERS
B. DELAYS ON MOTORWAY DUE TO FUEL SPILL
C. AIRLINE THREATENED WITH BANKRUPTCY
D. FIREFIGHTERS PUT OUT MASSIVE BLAZE
E. PASSENGERS SUFFER AS COMPANY COLLAPSES
F. TUNNEL CLOSED FOR SAFETY DRILL
Nagłówek właściwy dla komunikatu 4.1 to:
Nagłówek właściwy dla komunikatu 4.2 to:
Nagłówek właściwy dla komunikatu 4.3 to:
Nagłówek właściwy dla komunikatu 4.4 to:
Nagłówek właściwy dla komunikatu 4.5 to:
Zadanie 6. (6 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Z podanych możliwości odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
You won’t catch world-famous computer programmer Richard Stallman blogging. He doesn’t even own a mobile phone. How does he manage?
For decades Richard Stallman has been one of the world’s most famous computer programmers. These days the 55-year-old spends his time travelling the globe and speaking about his work. But despite this, he is one of those people who choose to limit the use of popular technologies in a way that may seem strange. For example, he refuses to carry a mobile phone. And even though he does most of his work on a computer, Stallman rarely connects to the Internet and avoids surfing the web without purpose. He also has a rule about answering emails – he never checks his email until he has answered all previous messages.
“Very often I’m on planes and buses, or in a place where there’s no Internet, so I couldn’t possibly do my work if I couldn’t do it offline,” he told the Guardian from his office in Boston. “Fortunately I have a powerful computer, and it’s capable of doing an awful lot without a web connection – something which many users don’t seem to realise.”
In this he is not alone. Most of us know the feeling of fear when our computer announces yet another email. Research from the University of Glasgow has shown that 34 per cent of us feel devastated by the number of messages we receive. That is why some of the most skilled technologists react by choosing to limit their interaction with the hi-tech world. In the most extreme cases, technologists can become so disappointed with the benefits of new systems that they disconnect almost completely. Retired professor Donald Knuth, like many 70-year-olds, doesn’t use email any more. This is the result of his decision made nearly 20 years ago. Professor Knuth says he simply doesn’t want to spend so much time in front of the screen.
However, not everybody is in the lucky position of Knuth or Stallman. We cannot give up modern technologies completely. Of course, some people can afford to do that. For example, if you’re extremely rich, you can employ an assistant to surf the web for you, but most people have their duties at work that force them to be connected.
adapted from www.guardian.co.uk
6.1. Stallman is an unusual computer expert because he
A. keeps away from new technologies.
B. works on his own computer only.
C. never answers the emails he receives.
D. does more work on planes than at home.
6.2. Which sentence is true about Stallman?
A. He dislikes working on computers while travelling.
B. He doesn’t trust the safety of the Internet.
C. He has learned to work without access to the net.
D. He uses his mobile phone only at work.
6.3. Research has proved that people
A. receive about 34 messages a day.
B. feel disappointed surfing the web.
C. regularly check electronic mail.
D. dislike getting too many emails.
6.4. Professor Donald Knuth does not use email because he
A. was disconnected a long time ago.
B. thinks he is too old to use it.
C. has never tried to use it before.
D. believes it is time-consuming.
6.5. According to the author, some people
A. are lucky to be able to use modern technologies.
B. are not able to avoid using the Internet.
C. are not allowed to use the Internet at work.
D. cannot afford to use high-tech devices.
6.6. In the article, the author
A. makes fun of people who do not use computers.
B. explains why some people are not hi-tech fans.
C. encourages readers to surf the web more often.
D. criticizes those who do not use the Internet.
ROZUMIENIE PISANEGO TEKSTU
Zadanie 4. (8 pkt)
Przeczytaj oferty pracy. Do każdego z podanych zdań (4.1. – 4.8.) przyporządkuj właściwą ofertę (A – E). (Wpisz odpowiednią literę w każdą rubrykę tabeli.) Każda z liter może być użyta więcej niż jeden raz. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
A. We would like to recruit a receptionist. You need to have a very outgoing personality and should be able to work under pressure. You must have computer skills and be able to manage face to face contacts with our clients. Working hours – 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on weekdays.
B. We need trained security officers. One week you will work from 8 a.m. till 4 p.m., the next week – evening hours, but you will not have to work at weekends. You need excellent references from your last employer. 5-year previous employment in this profession is a must.
C. This is a new position for a part-time pharmacist who will manage the distribution of medicines. Initially, the candidate is expected to work between three and six hours per week, which may increase with time.
D. We are very excited to announce the position of Restaurant and Bar Manager here at Bedford Hotel. We expect you to be a natural leader and have good communication skills which will help you to train your team.
E. We are currently recruiting for the position of Product Manager. We need a person who will be creative and enthusiastic about the products that we sell. We are looking for a person with vision, who enjoys learning about new products and technologies and can work long hours including Saturdays and Sundays.
4.1. You will be educating a group of people.
4.2. You will have to gain some knowledge.
4.3. You must be good at talking to customers.
4.4. You will have to work weekly shifts.
4.5. You may have to work at weekends.
4.6. It is possible that you will work more hours in the future.
4.7. You should know how to work in stressful situations.
4.8. Experience is absolutely essential.
Zadanie 5. (6 pkt)
Przeczytaj tekst. Na podstawie informacji w nim zawartych zdecyduj, które zdania są zgodne z treścią tekstu (T), a które nie (F). Zaznacz znakiem X odpowiednią rubrykę w tabeli. Za każde poprawne rozwiązanie otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Schatz came into the room while we were still in bed and I saw that he looked ill. His face was white and he walked slowly. “Dad, I’ve got a headache,” he said.
“You go to bed. I’ll see you when I’m dressed.”
But when I came downstairs he was dressed, sitting by the fire and feeling cold. When I put my hand on his forehead I knew he had a fever. When the doctor came, he took the boy’s temperature. “What is it?” I asked him. “One hundred and two,” the doctor said. Downstairs he left three different medicines with instructions for giving them. He said there was nothing to worry about and there was no danger.
Back in the room I asked the boy “Do you want me to read to you?”
“All right, if you want to,” said the boy. His face was very white and there were dark patches under his eyes. He lay still in bed and seemed not to pay attention to what was going on.
“How do you feel, Schatz?” I asked him. “Just the same, so far,” he said.
After giving him the medicine at eleven o’clock, I went out for a while. It was a bright, cold day, so I took the dog for a walk up the road. When I returned home, they said the boy refused to let anyone come into the room.
“You can’t come in,” he said. “You mustn’t get what I have.”
He was sitting in exactly the same position as before. I took his temperature. “What is it?” he asked. “Your temperature seems all right,” I said. “There’s nothing to worry about.”
I sat down, opened the book and started to read. I could see he was not following, so I stopped. “About what time do you think they are going to take me to hospital?” he asked with tears in his eyes.
“You aren’t going to hospital. What’s the matter with you?”
“Oh yes, I am. I heard the doctor say a hundred and two,” he cried.
“People don’t go to hospital with a fever of one hundred and two,” I explained calmly.
“You poor Schatz. That’s a different thermometer, a different scale. It’s like miles and kilometers. Do you remember when we were driving and I explained to you how many kilometers we were doing when you saw seventy miles on the speedometer?”
“Oh sure, I remember now,” he said and the look in his eyes relaxed slowly.
adapted from A Day’s Wait by Ernest Hemingway