matura z języka angielskiego 2008
Zadanie 9. (3 pkt)
Przeczytaj poniższy tekst i uzupełnij luki 9.1. – 9.6. Z podanych możliwości odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą tak, aby otrzymać logiczny i gramatycznie poprawny tekst. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 0,5 punktu.
Scientists are developing the world’s first DNA and tissue bank to preserve thousands of animals 9.1. __________ extinction, in an international project called the Frozen Ark. Hundreds of species become extinct every week and thousands more 9.2. __________ to disappear over the next 30 years. 1,130 species of mammals and 1,183 species of birds have been mentioned in a report presented to the United Nations Environmental Programme. Under the initiative, tissue from thousands of mammals, birds and reptiles will be frozen to ensure that genetic blueprints are secured, to be used if the species 9.3. __________ out.
9.1. A. to be faced B. facing C. face D. to face
9.2. A. will expect B. expect C. are expecting D. are expected
9.3. A. die B. had died C. will die D. would die
9.4. A. which B. of which C. whose D. that
9.5. A. conscious B. careless C. cautious D. conscientious
9.6. A. was interviewed B. interviewed C. interviewing D. was interviewing
Zadanie 8. (4 pkt)
Przeczytaj uważnie tekst, z którego usunięto cztery zdania. Spośród zdań A–E dobierz brakujące tak, aby otrzymać spójny i logiczny tekst. W każdą lukę (8.1. – 8.4.) wpisz literę, którą oznaczone zostało brakujące zdanie. Jedno z podanych zdań nie pasuje do tekstu. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
THERE’S A BRAT IN MY KITCHEN
If prime-time television is a social barometer, then we’ve become a nation of petrified parents afraid to stand up to our foul-mouthed, hyperactive, kicking and screaming children. Even if the media exaggerate the problem to grotesque proportions, giving in to children seems to be a modern disease. 8.1. __________ Let me tell you a few of my own. Recently, I sat in my back garden watching a child repeatedly spit at and kick my daughter Imogen while his mother ignored him and sipped her tea. When I mumbled that maybe she could ask him to stop, she merely said: ‘She obviously upset him. He’s very sensitive.’ On another occasion, when the same boy pushed a child, his mother rushed to his defence: ‘Oh, why does he always get the blame?’ But then I shouldn’t cast stones. I started out as a naive mother with a Penelope Leach baby book to hand. From this I took the message that if I was cuddly and loving, that would be enough. 8.2. __________ It is ironic that the country that once swore by ‘spare the rod and spoil the child’ and ‘children should be seen and not heard’ now resounds to the noise of whines and tantrums in every shopping centre. 8.3. __________ Linda Blair, a clinical psychologist, claims that they fear offending their children. ‘We want children to be our friends. But we would help them to be more independent if we stopped over-indulging them.’
Some would say the rot set in during the 1960s and 1970s, when trendy parents were reluctant to do anything as ‘heavy’ as scold their children. After detailed studies of families in the 1970s, the American psychologist, Diana Baumrind, identified three types of parent: authoritarian parents, authoritative parents and permissive parents. Suddenly, permissive parenting was seen as damaging. Children of authoritarian parents were often discontented, and mistrustful. Only authoritative parents stood out. 8.4. __________ Principles of authoritative parenting are outlined today in many books, on websites and on telephone helplines. So why are we still raising badly behaved kids?
abridged from www.telegraph.co.uk
A. Their children were independent, more popular, behaved better, and achieved more highly than the other family types.
B. Most of us have stories about brattish behaviour.
C. It is common to hear parents whose children are misbehaving pleading helplessly with them to stop.
D. However, many of us live far from our own families, with no sense of community and little support.
E. However, I soon learnt that children need structure and firm guidance, too.
W lukę 8.1 należy wpisać zdanie:
W lukę 8.1 należy wpisać zdanie:
W lukę 8.1 należy wpisać zdanie:
W lukę 8.1 należy wpisać zdanie:
ROZUMIENIE TEKSTU CZYTANEGO I ROZPOZNAWANIE STRUKTUR LEKSYKALNO-GRAMATYCZNYCH
Zadanie 7. (5 pkt)
Przeczytaj poniższy tekst. Z podanych możliwości odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
I used to have these dreams about being a career woman. I wanted shoulder pads, briefcases and mobile phones. I wanted designer clothes and a flat which had wooden floors and white sofas and enormous bowls of lilies on every polished fruitwood table. I wanted a Mercedes sports car and chunky gold jewellery. Unfortunately, life in PR is probably not the best way of going about it because PR seems to be one of the worst paid professions in the world. I know what I should have done, I should have gone into the City, because I graduated at the tail end of the eighties boom, and I could have made a mint, but I never had a very good brain for money, or numbers, and I would have been hopeless. And PR seemed like the easiest option. It sounded glamorous, exciting, and I wouldn’t have to start as a secretary, which I was loath to do, because I would hate to have people asking me what I did for a living. In PR I was able to start as a Public Relations Assistant.
I answered an ad in the Guardian, and I went along for the interview. The offices of Joe Cooper PR were in a back street in Kilburn, not the most pleasant of areas, and from the outside it just looked like a big warehouse, but inside it was magnificent. A huge loft, wooden floors, brightly coloured chairs and velvet cushions, and a constant buzz of phone conversations from some of the most beautiful people I’d ever seen in my life.
And I looked completely wrong. There they were, everyone in jeans, super trendy T-shirts and big motorbike boots (which was the look at the time), and there I was in my little Jigsaw two-piece cream suit, with matching high heels and a briefcase clutched in my hand to look more professional.
I remember thinking when I walked in, ‘Why oh why didn’t I research this before I came,’ but then Joe Cooper came to shake my hand. ‘You must be Libby,’ he said, and as soon as I met him I knew I’d like him, and, more importantly, I knew he’d like me. And he did. And I started next week on a pittance, but I loved it. God, how I loved it. Within a month, all my friends were green with envy, because I was already on first name terms with some of the hottest celebrities on TV, and I spent my days helping the executives, typing press releases, occasionally babysitting those celebrities on their excursions to radio and television shows where they plugged their latest book, or programme, or film. And I was so excited, and I met so many people, and my Jigsaw suit was placed firmly at the back of my wardrobe as I dressed like the others and fitted in.
My social life is swings and roundabouts. Sometimes I’m on a social whirl, out almost every night, grateful for the odd night in, watching television and catching up on my sleep. But then everything will slow down for a while, and I’ll be in every night. I talk to Jules every day, about five times, even if we don’t really have anything to say to each other, which we don’t usually, because what news can you possibly tell someone you last spoke to an hour ago? We usually end up talking nonsense. She’ll phone me up and say, ‘I’ve just eaten half a packet of biscuits and a cheese and pickle sandwich. I feel sick.’ Or I’ll phone her and say, ‘I’m just calling to say hi.’ And she’ll sigh and say, ‘Hi. Any news?’
‘Okay, talk to you later.’
Jules is my sister, my friend, my touchstone. Not that she is, of course, she just feels like it, and Jules is the wisest woman I know. I’ll sit and bore her with my latest adventure, and she’ll listen very quietly, wait for a few seconds when I’ve finished before speaking, which used to bother me because I thought that she was bored, but actually what she is doing is thinking about what I have said, formulating an opinion, and when she gives me advice it’s always spot on, even if it might not be exactly what I want to hear.
abridged from Jane Green, ‘Mr Maybe’
7.1. The first two paragraphs make you think that the narrator wishes she
A. were a secretary in the City.
B. were able to earn more money.
C. had more understanding friends.
D. had not left university in the 80s.
7.2. On the day of the interview, the woman
A. realized that it was wrong to wear jeans to work.
B. admired the exterior of the company main building.
C. was overwhelmed by the interior of the company offices.
D. regretted the fact that nobody noticed her elegant clothes.
7.3. Her job in PR involved, among other things,
A. interviewing celebrities.
B. issuing public statements.
C. looking after celebrities’ kids.
D. accompanying famous people.
7.4. The woman’s social life
A. is rather varied.
B. always exhausts her.
C. is spoilt by her sister.
D. has changed recently.
7.5. The narrator presents Jules as a person
A. whose opinions do not make much sense.
B. whose life stories she always finds boring.
C. who persists in talking about unhealthy diets.
D. who tends to provide her with the right counsel.
Zadanie 6. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wywiad z aktorką. Z podanych możliwości odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Taking on the portrayal of a real person is a tough job for any actor. Our magazine, FilmFocus caught up with Helen Mirren who faces a challenge in The Queen, playing Her Majesty in the week following the death of Diana, Princess of Wales.
An interviewer: Did you ever consider what the Queen herself might make of the film?
Helen Mirren: I considered it before we started work, in the sense that I felt that an honest effort was essential. All you can do in this situation is just try and be as honest as you can. Once the film was done, everybody asked the same question: what do you think the Queen will make of it? While making the film I realised everyone would ask about it and, believe me, I kept worrying about it. But I have no idea. How can I say? Robert Lacey, the wonderful writer about the Royal Family and a film reviewer said, ”Well, I think the Queen will say, ‘Well it could have been worse – could I have a gin and tonic please?’”
An interviewer: How did you prepare to play someone like the Queen?
Helen Mirren: We watched numerous tapes about the Queen, read her biographies, looked at the painted portraits. I was also working very hard with our voice coach Penny Dyere and got used to the voice, so it became familiar and I didn’t feel like Helen Mirren doing a funny voice. Some things we did were inspiring and involving but others totally timeconsuming and uninteresting. The most valuable research for me was looking at the Queen as a young girl, and reading a rather irritatingly sugar-sweet book that Marion Crawford wrote, The Little Princesses.
An interviewer: Which scene do you remember as the most nerve-wracking? Was it the deer scene?
Helen Mirren: That was the scene that I didn’t expect. Every single person I’m sure sees a different meaning to that scene. It had a personal meaning for me. We shot it out in the wilds of Scotland, with a fake animal. A terrible model of a deer that looked absolutely Egzamin maturalny z języka angielskiego ridiculous! Which I had to be moved by! But it was a very beautiful part of Scotland, so it was quite easy to feel the intensity of the environment.
An interviewer: What’s the best and the worst thing about playing real people?
Helen Mirren: Some people claim that the role of a contemporary person guarantees an Oscar. But I don’t think so. I haven’t played living people in the past. I’ve stayed away from it because I think you are in a no-win position. You’ll never be half as good as the real person, no matter how talented you are. All you can do really is fail. In fact this is the first time I’ve ever played a living person. You can’t imagine how intimidating and scary it is.
You know you are going to be under scrutiny, people will ask you what you think about the monarchy, about Diana. And now after some of the reviews I wonder if it is going to be to anybody’s liking, so you’d better keep away from it.
An interviewer: Did you fix on something that gave you a clue as to how to play the Queen?
Helen Mirren: For me it was a tiny 20-second-bit of film about the Queen when she was about 13 years old getting out of the car and putting her hand out to shake hands with someone. The way she gets out of the car, and the way she puts her hand out, to me absolutely encapsulated the real character of a real person. Everything about her upbringing and her own internal personality. I watched that bit of a film over and over again, and when I played her
I was playing that little 13-year-old girl.
An interviewer: Helen Mirren, thank you very much for being with us.
adapted from www.filmfocus.co.uk
6.1. The role was stressful for Helen Mirren because
A. she disliked being questioned about the effort she put into it.
B. she did not know what the Queen might think of the film.
C. she was worried what the royal writer would include in his review.
D. she expected the Queen to have a drink rather than watch the film.
6.2. While preparing for the role Helen Mirren
A. learnt to imitate the Queen’s way of speaking.
B. did not feel like reading about the Queen.
C. met the author of the book The Little Princesses.
D. did not find looking at portraits helpful.
6.3. The deer scene was difficult for her because
A. it was too personal for her.
B. she was too moved to act.
C. the deer was not a real animal.
D. the surroundings made her feel uneasy.
6.4. In her opinion, playing a real person
A. makes the actor intimidating.
B. is bound to be a huge success.
C. proves how talented the actor is.
D. is something best avoided.
6.5. The strongest image Helen has of the Queen is
A. the way the Queen shook her hand when she met her.
B. the picture of the teenage Queen driving a car.
C. the image of the Queen as a teenage girl.
D. the aura of authority surrounding the young monarch.
ROZUMIENIE ZE SŁUCHU
Zadanie 4. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie fragment komunikatu dla studentów. Na podstawie usłyszanych informacji zdecyduj, które z podanych zdań są zgodne z treścią tekstu (TRUE), a które nie (FALSE). Zaznacz znakiem X odpowiednią rubrykę w tabeli. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Good morning and welcome to all the international students at our university. My name’s Rebecca Gowers and I’m from the University Health Service. I’m here to tell you about medical care at our university.
Firstly, all students registered on a full-time course of 6 months or more are eligible for care under the National Health Service which includes free consultation with a General Practitioner and free hospital treatment. Medical insurance is, therefore, not required.
Please note that there’s a standard charge of £6 for any prescribed item of medication and that charges are made for dental care.
Secondly, remember that you should register with a doctor as soon as you can, if possible, before the end of this week. Also, you are strongly recommended to register with a local dental practice. You are not obliged to register with the University Health Service; you may choose another practice if you wish. However, every student must attend a short interview with one of the staff of the University Health Service. A full timetable informing you about the exact time of your interview was sent to each of you in the pre-arrival pack. Remember that medical interviews are a condition of admission to the university.
Also, bear in mind that the pre-arrival pack contains a medical record card which you should have completed. Please bring the card to the interview because you will be required to hand it over to the doctor. Now, the short-term students registered with the University, that means for three months or less, are classed as temporary residents and qualify for limited treatment only. In case of accident, you may obtain help from a hospital but they are likely to charge you for this. That’s why taking out private medical insurance is strongly recommended.
adapted from Information for New International Students 2001/20002, University of Sheffield
4.1. Full-time students are entitled to free dental treatment.
4.2. Registration with the University Health Service is optional.
4.3. You need to make an appointment to attend the medical interview.
4.4. Students receive a medical record card during the interview.
4.5. Short-term students should be prepared to pay for emergency treatment.
Zadanie 5. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie wypowiedzi pięciu osób na temat pobytu w Nowym Jorku. Przyporządkuj poszczególnym osobom nagłówki odnoszące się do ich wypowiedzi.
Wpisz odpowiednią literę (A–F) w każdą kratkę (5.1. – 5.5). Jeden nagłówek nie pasuje do żadnej wypowiedzi.Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
We asked a number of visitors for their opinion about New York. Let’s hear what they have to say.
Speaker 1: Visiting the city made me feel totally overwhelmed – there was just too much of everything. To see it all you would have to stretch your time there. But the thing I enjoyed most was the people. Coming from Texas I was made to believe that New Yorkers were rude, know-it-all, and selfish. I found this to be exactly the opposite. New Yorkers are not rude, just brusque – whatever you need to know, they are happy to tell you. Knowledgeable and friendly tour guides will make you feel like you are a native New Yorker.
Speaker 2: I remember walking home from a club at about 3 a.m., and there were people everywhere! Traffic was flowing as normal, neon lights were still on. Almost every club had music blasting out of it. All the cafés were open and filled with young people. Jazz players on the streets, vendors making food in their carts, and surprisingly, a lot of stores open. And I must say all the stories about the crime rate are exaggerated. I didn’t feel scared or uneasy at any time during my stay here!
Speaker 3: As one of the rare persons on this planet born and raised in Manhattan, I can truly say that New York is now just like most of our nation; a multitude of ethnic groups drowning in a sea of mediocrity, where fast food institutions have infected the quality of life, of what was once a genuinely exciting city, where not just real cafés but avant garde theater had its place, a city that attempted to live up to its name as a world capital. However, today New York is barely distinguishable from the cheap glamour of Las Vegas or the banality of L.A.
Speaker 4: We had the most wonderful experience in New York. Our hotel was modest but very convenient. We spent a week there in summer and we were on the go for 16 hours a day! So much to see and do and we did not want to miss a thing. But I do not recommend taking children there because they will be either scared or tired or bored. They won’t remember it and you will just be irritated if you take them.
Speaker 5: One thing I didn’t like was the smoggy air and the queues at the Empire State Building. I got there at 3 p.m. and didn’t leave till 10 p.m. The elevators were crowded and I spent over 4 hours waiting to get in. The view was lovely in the dark sky but the pictures didn’t come out. So on the whole it wasn’t really worth such an effort.
adapted from www.travel.yahoo.com
A. NOT FOR THE WHOLE FAMILY
B. NOT A UNIQUE PLACE ANY MORE
C. AN OVERRATED TOURIST ATTRACTION
D. MORE DANGEROUS THAN IT SEEMS
E. A CITY THAT NEVER SLEEPS
F. UNEXPECTED HOSPITALITY
Dla osoby 5.1 odpowiedni nagłówek to:
Dla osoby 5.2 odpowiedni nagłówek to:
Dla osoby 5.3 odpowiedni nagłówek to:
Dla osoby 5.4 odpowiedni nagłówek to:
Dla osoby 5.5 odpowiedni nagłówek to:
Zadanie 7. (5 pkt)
Zredaguj wiadomość do swojego współlokatora/swojej współlokatorki z zagranicy.
• Poinformuj go/ją, dlaczego musisz wyjść.
• Poproś o zrobienie zakupów.
• Przypomnij, od której godziny otwarty jest sklep.
• Podaj informację, gdzie zostawiłeś/łaś pieniądze.
PRZYKŁAD Z ARKUSZA CKE
Sorry, but I have to leave earlier. We have an extra biology class. We haven’t got anything for dinner so could you do some shopping
while I am at school? The shop is open from 9 a.m. I left you some money on the table. See you soon.
Zadanie 8. (10 pkt)
Po powrocie z Wielkiej Brytanii stwierdziłeś/łaś, że zostawiłeś/łaś jedną ze swoich rzeczy w hotelu. Napisz list do właściciela hotelu.
• Poinformuj, w jakim terminie przebywałeś/łaś w hotelu i wyraź zadowolenie ze swojego pobytu.
• Napisz, jaką rzecz zostawiłeś/łaś i dlaczego tak bardzo zależy Ci na jej odzyskaniu.
• Opisz, jak ta rzecz wygląda i wspomnij, gdzie prawdopodobnie ją zostawiłeś/łaś.
• Poproś o przesłanie jej do Ciebie i zaoferuj pokrycie kosztów przesyłki.
PRZYKŁAD Z ARKUSZA CKE
Dear Sir / Madam,
I am writing to enquire about the possibility of getting back something I left in my hotel room. I stayed in your hotel on 25th April and I was extremely satisfied with the accommodation and the quality of service.
However, when I arrived home I noticed that one of my necklaces was missing and I realized I had left it in the drawer of the wooden cabinet next to my bed. The necklace is silver with a red stone. It is not a very valuable piece of jewellery but it is of special importance for me because it is a birthday present from my grandmother.
I hope the chambermaids found it and I would be very grateful if you could send it back to me. I am willing to cover any necessary costs.
I look forward to hearing from you.
Zadanie 6. (7 pkt)
Przeczytaj poniższy tekst. Z podanych możliwości odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B, C lub D. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
When Reggie Love and Mark returned to the hospital there were reporters everywhere.
‘Ms Love, Ms Love,’ they called. ‘Just a few questions, please.’ She took Mark’s hand and walked faster.
‘Is it true your client is refusing to speak to the FBI? Is it true he knows more than he wants to say? Did Mark talk to Jerome Clifford before he died?’ Reggie said quickly to Mark, ‘Don’t look at them and don’t say a word.’
In room 943 Ricky was sitting on the end of the bed. Dr Greenway told Mark to sit next to him and hold his hand.
‘Ricky,’ he said, ‘I would like to talk about the other day when you and Mark were hiding in the trees.’
‘It’s okay, Ricky, ’ said Mark. ‘He knows we were smoking. Mom’s not angry with us.’
‘Ricky, do you remember seeing the big, black car?’ said Dr Greenway.
‘Yes,’ said Ricky quietly.
‘What did the big black car do, Ricky?’
Ricky shut his eyes tightly, put his head on Mark’s knee and his thumb went into his mouth. He didn’t speak another word for twenty-four hours.
Mark was tired, so when Ricky was asleep again, they left the hospital in Reggie’s sports car. It was old, but Reggie liked to drive fast, and that was fine with Mark.
Mark watched the mirror closely to see if anyone was following them.
‘You think that Mom and Ricky are safe?’ he asked.
‘Yes. The hospital promised to keep guards at the door. Now I wonder what Momma Love is giving us for dinner?’ Momma Love was Reggie’s mother. She frequently had young guests to dinner.
Most of Reggie’s work was with children. Some had family problems, some had drug problems and some had already started a life of crime. Reggie often decided that they needed good food.
‘Momma Love’s cooking is the best,’ she told Mark.
And it was. Everything was fresh and smelled perfect. They spent an hour at the table, talking and eating.
After dinner Momma Love showed Mark some photographs. ‘Reggie’s children,’ she said. ‘I never see them now. Their father took them and spoiled them. Reggie felt angry at first, but she’s got a new life now and tries not to think about it.’ Mark’s bed was comfortable and he fell asleep quickly, but around two o’clock he woke up and found himself worrying about Mom and Ricky. Why was he there? His place was with them, at the hospital. He got up and stood at the window, thinking about the past two days.
It had all started on Monday, after school. Now he had missed two days of school. When would it all end?
As Mark looked into the dark night he suddenly noticed a small red light. A cigarette.
Someone was out there, in the street, smoking a cigarette. Though he couldn’t be seen, Mark held his breath. Someone was watching the house.
adapted from a novel by John Grisham, retold by Janet Mc Alpin
6.1. Reggie Love
A. wanted Mark to tell the reporters everything.
B. allowed Mark to answer just one question.
C. did not let Mark speak to the reporters.
D. decided to tell the reporters the truth.
6.2. Doctor Greenway wanted to talk to Ricky about
A. the cause of his hand injury.
B. his relationship with Mark.
C. his problems with smoking.
D. the vehicle the boy had seen.
6.3. Mark left the hospital
A. to allow Ricky to fall asleep.
B. to have a rest somewhere else.
C. because Ricky refused to speak to him.
D. because somebody was following him.
6.4. Momma Love often
A. prepared meals for the visitors.
B. solved young visitors’ problems.
C. discussed problems with the guests.
D. served ready-made dishes to the guests.
6.5. What do you learn about Reggie’s own children?
A. They do not frequently see their father.
B. They still visit Reggie’s house regularly.
C. They come to Reggie when she feels angry.
D. They have lived with their father for some time now.
6.6. When Mark woke up at night, he
A. wanted to light a cigarette.
B. noticed a smoker outside.
C. found it very hard to breathe.
D. saw someone standing at the window.
6.7. The text is about a boy who
A. has had many problems at school.
B. is preparing a meal for his sick friend.
C. has found himself in danger.
D. is cooperating with the press.
ROZUMIENIE TEKSTU CZYTANEGO
Zadanie 4. (7 pkt)
Przeczytaj poniższy tekst. Do każdej części tekstu (4.1. – 4.7.) dopasuj zdanie, podsumowujące jej treść (A – H) i wpisz w każdą kratkę odpowiednią literę. Jedno zdanie nie odnosi się do żadnego tekstu. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
A. The colour represents the way you earn money.
B. Somebody who is different from the others.
C. Life is rarely so clear.
D. You knew who was who.
E. The real world is full of lies.
F. It’s a more official way.
G. Not all lies are harmful.
H. Black is not always negative.
BLACK & WHITE
A ‘black sheep’ is a person who ignores tradition or does things that are not accepted. A family may have a member who is not like them. This person brings shame to his/her group and is not welcome at family meetings.
‘White hats’ and ‘black hats’ were symbols of the ‘good guys’ and the ‘bad guys’ in American western movies. The early movies were made with no sound, so the film directors put a white hat on the hero and a black hat on the bad guy. That way even a small child could tell who the hero was.
Black is also used in some expressions that describe good things. Being ‘in the black’ is a good situation. It is a business expression that means a company has made a profit. The expression comes from the colour of ink used in the books that record a company’s profits or losses. Profits are written in black and losses are written in red.
A ‘white collar’ job is the kind of job many people want to have. It is a job where you work at a desk, using your brain instead of your muscles. Usually ‘white-collar’ jobs pay more than ‘blue-collar’ jobs – jobs where you use your physical strength.
Some expressions use black and white together. Someone may say that your suggestion sounds all right, but he wants to see it in black and white. He wants to get a formal document in writing or in print – black ink on white paper.
Some people see things only in black and white. In this expression, black and white represent opposite extremes. Most things in the world aren’t so simple. One side of an issue is not all good and the other side is not all bad. In the real world there are many grey areas where black and white mix to represent the true situation.
We know that we should tell the truth, but is it always good? Sometimes people say something which is not true because they don’t want to hurt their friends or relatives. In other words they tell ‘a white lie’.
adapted from ‘Words and their Stories’
Zadanie 5. (6 pkt)
Przeczytaj poniższy tekst. Na podstawie informacji w nim zawartych zdecyduj, które zdania są zgodne z treścią tekstu (TRUE), a które nie (FALSE).
Zaznacz znakiem X odpowiednią rubrykę w tabeli. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Holidaying at home is fun and quite cheap, says writer Peter Major from London. This is what he says in one of his books:
“We live a couple of tube stops from King’s Cross in London, so we can easily travel by train and help fight global warming by avoiding flying. Flights abroad might seem cheap, but when you consider the taxes and cost of getting to the airport, they’re not. It’s over £20 return to Stansted Airport on the train.
What I like doing is booking special fares on the train, and using our family rail card, which saves money and guarantees seats. There’s nothing like getting value for money, and the joy of knowing you will have somewhere to sit however crowded the train. On most trains our two daughters can walk up and down the corridors and enjoy trips to the buffet. Some train services even provide crayons for kids. Our eldest daughter actually learnt to crawl on the train.
If you book a cottage or a B&B in advance and shop around, it’s no more expensive than a foreign hotel. And although it rains, it has never spoilt our holiday: wet walks, board games, table tennis or just having the time to listen to raindrops can be fun. There are so many things to do at home. Our children have had great holidays swimming in Lake Coniston, exploring ruined abbeys in Yorkshire and picnicking in beautiful valleys. Staying in the UK
is great for your kids’ knowledge of history, too.
Europe’s greatest wilderness is in the Scottish Highlands. A couple of years ago, we took the sleeper to Inverness, and travelled on (in a rented car and then in two boats) to the island of Taransay – where, on a summer day, it looked like the South Pacific and we had a beach of beautiful white sand all to ourselves.”
This is an extract from Save Cash and Save the Planet. Find out more – see our books about holidaying in the UK, ethical tourism and ideas for getting away from it all – with traffic-free cycle trails and wildlife walks.
adapted from www.foe.co.uk / living / poundsavers
5.1. According to Peter Major, train travellers are friendly to the environment.
5.2. In Peter’s opinion, flying is inexpensive these days.
5.3. Peter’s children find journeys by train interesting.
5.4. Bad weather has a bad effect on the Majors’ holiday plans.
5.5. A few years ago the family took a trip to a South Pacific island.
5.6. Peter Major has found some useful information in the book Save Cash and Save the Planet.
ROZUMIENIE ZE SŁUCHU
Zadanie 1. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie krótką rozmowę John’a i Mary. Na podstawie usłyszanych informacji odpowiedz na pytania 1.1. – 1.5. True lub False (i zaznacz znakiem X odpowiednią rubrykę w tabeli.) Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
John: I’ve got to tell you, Mary. I’m really fed up with studying.
Mary: Oh yes? Why’s that?
John: Well, I wanted to do things, not just read books about diets.
Mary: Surely you do things sometimes?
John: Yes, but not the things I’m interested in. I wouldn’t even know how to cook an omelette if I hadn’t learnt it myself.
Mary: I certainly like your omelettes. Mine are never as tasty as yours.
John: You see, the secret is to have the pan really hot and to cook the eggs for as short a time as you possibly can…
Mary: Is that so?
John: Yes, that’s one thing I do know how to do, cook an omelette.
Mary: You’re not thinking of getting back to that cooking job of yours, are you, John?
John: Actually, I might. Anyway, where did studying get you?
Mary: I think I got a good degree.
John: Good for what? You were unemployed for ages.
Mary: That was because I wasn’t sure what I wanted to do.
John: Then why are so many graduates unemployed? Because they’re choosy? No, because they didn’t learn anything useful while they were studying.
Mary: Well, I found it a great experience. I learnt a lot from my course and from the peopleI met on it.
John: Yes, I know, a bunch of snobs from private schools.
Mary: Oh really! I’ve had enough of this! I think it’s time I went home. Bye, John.
John: Bye, Mary. See you.
adapted from VJ Cook, Living with People, Prentice Hall International
1.1. Mary prefers practice to theory?
1.2. Mary makes better omelettes?
1.3. Mary used to work as a cook?
1.4. Mary couldn’t find a job?
1.5. Mary met interesting people at university?
Zadanie 2. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie zapowiedzi pięciu programów telewizyjnych. Na podstawie usłyszanych informacji odpowiedz na podane pytanie, wpisując w każdą kratkę (2.1. – 2.5.) odpowiednią literę (A–F). Jeden punkt (A–F) podany został dodatkowo i nie odnosi się do żadnej wypowiedzi. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
BBC Prime is a 24-hour entertainment channel which focuses on drama, light entertainment, comedy and natural history. This week you can join us to watch a variety of programmes.
On Monday don’t forget to watch Blue Remembered Hills. It’s Denis Potter’s play about childhood and everyday life with its cruelty, kindness and unhappiness. You’ll be moved to tears by the story about parents, children, their daily routines and some difficult situations they find themselves in.
On Tuesday there is Next of Kin, a comedy about two grandparents who have to take care of their three grandchildren after their parents are killed in an accident. They are not prepared for this at all. So it is goodbye to their retirement villa in France and rounds of golf, and hello to school runs, pet hamsters and teenage problems.
On Wednesday don’t miss 999 – a documentary showing the drama and excitement of real-life rescues. You will see life-saving operations by the fire, ambulance, police and coastguard services, as well as other rescue teams.
On Friday – Home Front – a series which presents advice, ideas and suggestions about house decoration. This week we will visit a Welsh family who have just bought their first home. The first-time buyers want to live in comfortable conditions, so they ask a lot of questions and are advised on furnishings by interior decorators.
On Saturday – Great Ormond Street – an eight-part series that goes behind the scenes at the world’s most famous children’s hospital to show how their slogan The Child First And Always is put into practice each day. The cameras show the moving stories of the young patients and the specialist teams who work there. Without them the young patients will not get better.
adapted from BBC On Air
A. A LIFE CHANGE
B. DAY-TO-DAY PROBLEMS KIDS HAVE
C. A NICE PLACE TO LIVE
D. PROFESSIONALS HELPING KIDS
E. CHILDREN’S ACCIDENTS AT HOME
F. PEOPLE IN UNIFORMS SAVING OUR LIVES
What is each programme about?
2.1 To zapowiedź programu:
2.2 To zapowiedź programu:
2.3 To zapowiedź programu:
2.4 To zapowiedź programu:
2.5 To zapowiedź programu:
Zadanie 3. (5 pkt)
Usłyszysz dwukrotnie tekst narracyjny. Z podanych możliwości odpowiedzi wybierz właściwą, zgodną z treścią tekstu. Zakreśl literę A, B lub C. Za każdą poprawną odpowiedź otrzymasz 1 punkt.
Is Prince Harry the rudest Royal or is he just a typical teenager?
He is third in line to the throne, so he is an important member of the Royal Family. He had an emotionally difficult childhood. His parents’ marriage and divorce were often in the news. Then, after his mother’s death, Harry had many unpleasant moments. But now, at twenty, the young prince has many friends and a career in the Army. He is quite pleased about his father’s marriage to Camilla Parker-Bowles. Perhaps we should congratulate him on overcoming such a difficult childhood.
As a teenager he went to Africa to work with orphaned children. He helped to build a small hospital and a bridge. Harry played football and did gardening with the children. He also went on a tour of England with the Rugby Football Union to promote rugby in some poor areas of the city. Terry Burwell, the director of the Rugby Football Union, said Harry was very good with young people.
After the tsunami catastrophe Harry and his brother William gave their free time over New Year to help the Red Cross. After seeing the pictures in the news, they knew that they had to do something. Harry and William helped to pack boxes of supplies. They said it was good to know that the boxes were going to people who really needed help.
However, there were also some things about Harry that his Royal Family didn’t approve of. Once he had a fight with a photographer. He was coming out of a nightclub with his girlfriend when some paparazzi started taking photographs. Harry hit one of them and ordered the man to leave him alone. On another occasion he dressed up as a German officer for a friend’s fancy dress party. He was photographed wearing Nazi clothes and symbols. Later on Harry said sorry and admitted it was a poor choice of costume.
Is Prince Harry good or bad? Now it is for you to decide.
adapted from Team